Gerrit T. R. 1888 - 1964
Gerrit Thomas Rietveld was a Dutch furniture designer and architec. One of the principal members of the Dutch artistic movement called De Stijl, Rietveld is famous for his Red and Blue Chair and for the Rietveld Schroder House, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Rietveld was born in Utretch in 1888 as the son of a joiner. He left school at 11 to be apprenticed to his father and enrolled at night school before working as a draughtsman for C. J. Begeer, a jeweller in Utrecht , from 1906 to 1911.By the time he opened his own furniture workshop in 1917, Rietveld had taught himself drawing, painting and model-making. He afterwards set up in business as a cabinet-maker.
The contacts that he made at De Stijl gave him the opportunity to exhibit abroad as well. In 1923, Walter Gropius invited Rietveld to exhibit at the Bauhaus Rietveld broke with 'De Stijl' in 1928 and became associated with a more functionalist style of architecture, known as either Nieuwe Zakelijkheid or Nieuwe Bouwen. The same year he joined the Congrès Internationaux d'Architecture Moderne. Rietveld designed the Zig-Zag Chai in 1934 and started the design of the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam, which was finished after his death. His work was neglected when rationalism came into vogue, but he later benefited from a revival of the style of the 1920s thirty years later.
Gerrit T. R.
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